One of the most important topics a Christian will ever study is the Ordo Salutis, the Order of Salvation. When we study the Ordo Salutis, we are looking at the sequence of events in salvation leading up to the believer being glorified in Heaven. A Summary of the Ordo Salutis is found in Romans 8:29-30 and a more detailed Ordo Salutis will follow that.
Romans 8:29-30 (NIV)
29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. 30 And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.
The full Ordo Salutis:
Election – God’s choice of a people to be saved took place before the world was made. (Ephesians 1:4)
Predestination – Election is God’s choice, and predestination is the pre-assigned destination marked out for those He chose, that being Heaven (Romans 8:29-30)
Outward Call/Gospel Call/Preaching of the word: saving faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of God (Romans 9:14, Romans 10:17)
Inward call: God the Holy Spirit speaks life to the elect’s dead human spirit, even as they hear the outward call of the gospel (1 Corinthians 1:22-24)
Faith: Belief and trust in the message of the gospel (Ephesians 2:8-9).
Conversion: One’s turning to God based on the gospel (Acts 26:18).
Perseverance: One’s continued true belief—remaining in the state of salvation (Jude 1:24).
Repentance: Changing one’s mind from rejection of Christ to faith in Christ (Acts 26:20).
Justification: God’s freeing of one from the penalty of sin—the pronouncement of “not guilty” on a sinner (Romans 5:9).
Sanctification: God’s separation of one from the lure of sin (2 Timothy 2:21).
Glorification: God’s final removal of all sin from the life and presence of one (in the eternal state) (Romans 8:18; 2 Corinthians 4:17).